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'''Archimedes of Syracuse''' (; ; ) was a Greeks|Greek Greek mathematics|mathematician, physics|physicist, engineering|engineer, inventor, and astronomy|astronomer. Although few details of his life are known, he is regarded as one of the leading scientists in classical antiquity. Generally considered the greatest mathematician of antiquity and one of the greatest of all time, Archimedes anticipated modern calculus and mathematical analysis|analysis by applying concepts of infinitesimals and the method of exhaustion to derive and rigorously prove a range of geometry|geometrical theorems, including the area of a circle, the surface area and volume of a sphere, and the area under a parabola. Other mathematical achievements include deriving an accurate approximation of...
Native nameἈρχιμήδης
Native name langGreek
Birth date{{circa|287{{nbsp}}BC}}
Birth placeSyracuse, Sicily
Magna Graecia
Death date{{circa|212{{nbsp}}BC|lk=no}} (aged around {{#expr:(-211)-(-286)-((0)<(0)or(0)=(0)and(0)<(0))}})
Death placeSyracuse, Sicily
Magna Graecia
Field{{hlist|Mathematics|Physics|Engineering|Astronomy|Invention}}
Known for{{hlist|Archimedes' principle|Archimedes' screw|Fluid statics|hydrostatics|levers|Archimedes' use of infinitesimals|infinitesimals|Neusis construction|Neuseis constructions{{cite journal| last= Knorr| first=Wilbur R. | title=Archimedes and the spirals: The heuristic background| journal=Historia Mathematica | year=1978| volume=5| issue=1|pages=43–75|publisher=Elsevier|quote="To be sure, Pappus does twice mention the theorem on the tangent to the spiral [IV, 36, 54]. But in both instances the issue is Archimedes' inappropriate use of a "solid neusis," that is, of a construction involving the sections of solids, in the solution of a plane problem. Yet Pappus' own resolution of the difficulty [IV, 54] is by his own classification a "solid" method, as it makes use of conic sections." (page 48)}}}}
Urlhttp://www-groups.dcs.st-and.ac.uk/~history/HistTopics/The_rise_of_calculus.html |date=February 1996|accessdate= 2007-08-07| archiveurl= https://web.archive.org/web/20070715191704/http://www-groups.dcs.st-and.ac.uk/~history/HistTopics/The_rise_of_calculus.html| archivedate= 15 July 2007 | deadurl= no}}
Urlhttp://www.sciencelive.org/component/option,com_mediadb/task,view/idstr,CU-MMP-PiersBursillHall/Itemid,30|accessdate= 2007-08-07|archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20070929034534/http://www.sciencelive.org/component/option,com_mediadb/task,view/idstr,CU-MMP-PiersBursillHall/Itemid,30|archivedate=2007-09-29}} while the discovery in 1906 of previously unknown works by Archimedes in the Archimedes Palimpsest has provided new insights into how he obtained mathematical results.{{cite web|title=Archimedes – The Palimpsest |publisher=Walters Art Museum |url=http://www.archimedespalimpsest.org/palimpsest_making1.html |accessdate=2007-10-14 |archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20070928102802/http://www.archimedespalimpsest.org/palimpsest_making1.html |archivedate=2007-09-28 |deadurl=no |df= }}
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